Treating hyperglycemia in school

Hyperglycemia is when the level of glucose in the blood is higher than the target range.

Symptoms include:

  • Extreme thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue or tiredness

Causes:

  • Too much food
  • Illness, emotions (hormones), and stress
  • Not enough insulin
  • Less exercise than usual

Treatment:

For mild symptoms (thirst, fatigue, frequent urination):

  • Confirm hyperglycemia by testing blood glucose, if possible.
  • Allow the student free use of the bathroom.
  • Allow the student to drink water if they are thirsty.
  • Inform the parent to receive further instruction.

For severe symptoms (nausea or vomiting, fatigue):

  • Confirm hyperglycemia by testing blood glucose, if possible.
  • Call parents immediately to receive further instruction (the care required in a situation such as this is not available in a school setting).

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